Vacant urban areas can be used for agriculture production. It started as a way of composting local food waste, food scraps are collected by bicycle. The first city farm was set up in 1972 in Kentish Town, London. of food each year. A dangerous and selfless occupation to â¦ The urban farmer grew up in and around the area and uses music to connect to the youth in the community. A Case-Study of Three San Francisco Community Gardens", "Moving Beyond Cleanup: Identifying the Crucibles of Environmental Gentrification", "FARMING AS A TOOL OF URBAN REBIRTH? The survey found that most urban farms in the United States are structured as either non-profit or solely owned. 29 April 2014. Some common choices of structures to house vertical farming systems include buildings, shipping containers, tunnels, and abandoned mine shafts.  The produce is all free, the work is done by volunteers, and passers-by and visitors are invited to pick and use the products., Some Todmorden plots have been permission plots while others have been examples of guerilla gardening. Roof gardens allow for urban dwellers to maintain green spaces in the city without having to set aside a tract of undeveloped land. IDRC. They are usually community-run gardens seeking to improve community relationships and offer an awareness of agriculture and farming to people who live in urbanized areas. Without proper education on the risks of urban farming and safe practices, urban consumers of urban agricultural produce may face additional health-related issues..  Produce from urban gardens can be perceived to be more flavorful and desirable than store bought produce which may also lead to a wider acceptance and higher intake. Print. Rep. Roxbury, MA: Alternatives for Community & Environment, 2010. There are many challenges unique to urban agriculture that does not exist with conventional, rural agriculture. He subsequently makes the household self-sufficient in the provision of food: 5 kilograms (11 lb) of fruits and vegetables are produced daily for 300 days a year.. Urban farms can be the front line of the food system. Our beverages are available in local area grocery stores as well as through our online store for curbside pickup. Urban agriculture can also better the mental health of community members. US households participating in community gardening has also tripled from 1 to 3 million in that time frame. A person who constantly plays Farmville and acts like they know everything about a real farm -- but all they do is live in the city, sit at a computer, and at a certain time, need to stop what they are doing to farm their imaginary crops.Urban farmer definition by Urban Dictionary According to the article, only one square meter of green roof is needed to offset the annual particulate matter emissions of a car. As more of us begin to understand our food system, more of us seek to have more input into how food is grown, how it is treated after being harvested and how it moves from one place along the food route to another.  The boom in urban agriculture improved both the food security and the nutrition of its practitioners, as well as additional income from selling excess produce. They also see profitability, financing, and farm labor as big challenges of managing an urban farm. The New York Times wrote an article about one of Manhattan's first gardens which incorporate both these techniques.. petroleum and chlorinated compounds like PBC's). 2501 E. Cumberland St., Philadelphia, PA 19125 215-427-2780 x5. If an urban farm focuses on animals, the primary animal is hens. The process of Carbon Sequestration can be further improved by combining other agriculture techniques to increase removal from the atmosphere and prevent the release of CO2 during harvest time. Another impressive method used in Chinese agriculture and aquaculture practice is the mulberry-dike fish-pond system, which is a response to waste recycling and soil fertility. 3. http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/leopold_pubspapers/3. The Urban Farmer is a comprehensive, hands-on, practical manual to help you learn the techniques and business strategies you need to make a good living growing high-yield, high-value crops right in your own backyard (or someone elseâs). , In 2005, Mayor Jerry Brown signed the UN World Environment Day Urban Environmental Accords, pledging Oakland to become a more sustainable city by the year 2012. It may be a social movement for sustainable communities, where organic growers, "foodies," and "locavores" form social networks founded on a shared ethos of nature and community holism. 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Part 1. UPA is a very effective tool to fight against hunger and malnutrition since it facilitates the access to food by an impoverished sector of the urban population. By World War II, the War/Food Administration set up a National Victory Garden Program that set out to systematically establish functioning agriculture within cities. Alaimo, K., Beavers, A.W., Crawford, C. et al. They are also liable to accumulate standing water and âgrey waterâ, which can be dangerous to public health, especially left stagnant for long periods. With exclusionary covenants and redlining by banks, development capital was kept out of West Oakland while the African-American population had limited opportunities to rent or buy housing outside West Oakland. These results are seen indirectly and can be supported by the social involvement in an individual's community as a member of the community farm. Frequently it is tied to policy decisions to build sustainable cities. "Urban Agriculture is part of a local food system where food is produced within an urban area and marketed to consumers within that area. "A Dietary, Social and Economic Evaluation of the Philadelphia Urban Gardening Project,", "Growing urban health: Community gardening in South-East Toronto", "Increased community participation. City farms vary in size from small plots in private yards to larger farms that occupy a number of acres. McClintock, Nathan. Accepting that many people depend on it to survive, the government allocated sixty thousand hectares of land in Harare for cultivation purposes.. Urban Farmer is a family of restaurants â Portland, Cleveland, Philadelphia and Denver â that combine locally and responsibly sourced ingredients with down-to â¦ The animals, in turn, are given crops that have been fertilized by mud from the ponds. Reported to open spring 2020 in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, the world's largest rooftop farm of 14,000 m will sit atop the six-story building at Expo Porte de Versailles. (2016). Their criteria includes organic waste of up to 60 litres per week from local households and business. , Most communities make community gardening accessible to the public, providing space for citizens to cultivate plants for food or recreation.  UA can have an overall positive impact on community health, which directly impacts individuals social and emotional well-being. So, she and I sat and brainstormed a bit about the topic and this is what we came up with. In addition to being the largest urban farm in the world, the rooftop garden will use 10% of the amount of water traditional gardens need. Such plants are also valuable because they are genetically identical as crops as opposed to natural variants of the same species. Distribution (%) of urban farmers by education level by sex. Explain how and why urban farms adapt to their city environment.  Detroit's public officials have the opportunity and power to steer JLG along either of the paths, only one of which benefits predominately minority communities and areas of historical disinvestment. UC Berkeley: Institute for the Study of Societal Issues. "Urban Agriculture for Sustainable Cities: Using Wastes and Idle Land and Water Bodies as Resources", Can a hands-on teaching tool affect students' attitudes and behavior regarding fruit and vegetables? , In 2002, 35,000 acres (14,000 ha) of urban gardens produced 3,400,000 short tons (3,100,000 t) of food. energy consumed in transporting food from rural to urban areas). (2016) Amplifying Health Through Community Gardens: A Framework for Advancing Multicomponent, Behaviorally Based Neighborhood Interventions. This is especially true in cities. This problem is particularly acute in the developing world, where outdoor concentrations of sulfur dioxide are high and large percentages of the population rely upon urban agriculture as a primary source of food. With around six acres of living space, it is home to more than 400,000 indigenous plants and grasses that provide insulation. In Melbourne, the Collingwood Children's Farm was established in 1979 on the Abbotsford Precinct Heritage Farmlands (the APHF), the oldest continually farmed land in Victoria, farmed since 1838. The benefits that UPA brings along to cities that implement this practice are numerous.  Specifically, choosing plants that do not lose their leaves and remain green all year can increase the farm's ability to sequester carbon.  Reducing these particulates and ozone gases could reduce mortality rates in urban areas along with increase the health of those living in cities. Of the products made, an overwhelming majority of urban farms focus on fresh vegetables, followed by herbs and flowers. "Junk-greedy Greens: phytoremediation as a new option for soil decontamination,", "Absorbing possibilities: Phytoremediation", "Managing Urban Runoff | Polluted Runoff | US EPA", "Connecting food environments and health through the relational nature of aesthetics: Gaining insight through the community gardening experience", "Nutritional comparison of fresh, frozen and canned fruits and vegetables.  Although the definition and methods for determining "food deserts" have varied, studies indicate that, at least in the United States, there are racial disparities in the food environment. The tremendous influx of the world population to urban areas has increased the need for fresh and safe food. Beginning Farmers Crops & Gardening Farm & Garden Urban Farming. As with most things, ask two different people and you will get two different answers. UPA can be seen as a means of improving the livelihood of people living in and around cities. The activities Environmental Affairs Department, City of Los Angeles. Examples of the detriment of continual noise on humans to include: âhearing impairment, hypertension and ischemic heart disease, annoyance, sleep disturbance, and decreased school performance.â Since most roofs or vacant lots consist of hard flat surfaces that reflect sound waves instead of absorbing them, adding plants that can absorb these waves has the potential to lead to a vast reduction in noise pollution.  The initiative has been credited with raising home values by 482% and beautifying the surrounding neighborhood. A hard working individual whom may be male or female. Urban Farmingâ¢ is a holistic global vision that sees a future in which good health, innovation and productivity are an inherent part of our lifestyle.  This gave rise to Oakland City Council Resolutions, such as No. Sustainable urban agriculture can also promote worker protection and consumer rights.  Oakland's manufacturing industry attracted new residents during WWII.  Small community gardens grew into larger projects with numerous non-profits forming to address both the problems of food deserts and vacant properties. doi: 10.1007/s40572-016-0105-0. Phytoremediation only costs about $5â$40 per ton of soil being decontaminated. Access to nutritious food, both economically and geographically, is another perspective in the effort to locate food and livestock production in cities. , According to the Municipal Bureau of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery the city will invest 600 million yuan on farms located around the city, with hopes of the farms to provide "60 percent of the meat, vegetables, and aquatic products in the Shenzhen market". 2011. Finally, the 2002 Nyanga Declaration on Urban Agriculture in Zimbabwe explicitly acknowledged the value of urban agriculture for food security and the reduction of poverty.  The CFSC states that: Community and residential gardening, as well as small-scale farming, save household food dollars. Agricultural Research: n. pag. This can also raise serotonin levels akin to working out at a gym. A Vision Statement and Case Studies for Just and Sustainable Solutions. Studies show that every $1 invested in a community garden yields $6 worth of vegetables if labor is not considered a factor in investment. The implementation of urban agriculture in these vacant lots can be a cost-effective method for removing these chemicals. UPA plays an important role in making food more affordable and in providing emergency supplies of food. This land could be used to address food insecurity. However, the soil must be tested for heavy contamination in city soil because of vehicle exhaust and remnants of old construction. , Municipal greening policy goals can pose conflicts. Garden sharing projects seek to pair producers with the land, typically, residential yard space. In 2019, KGD helped hundreds of new farmers secure land and educated them about the benefits of and keys to urban agriculture.. Give an example of a place where urban farmers can grow their own produce. The activity of city farming was started initially to dispose of kitchen organic waste in an eco-friendly way. Globalization has removed the need and ability of a community's agency in their food production. , The practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in or around urban areas, Reduction in ozone and particulate matter, Bailkey, M., and J. Nasr. A Flint, Michigan study found that those participating in community gardens consumed fruits and vegetables 1.4 times more per day and were 3.5 times more likely to consume fruits or vegetables at least 5 times daily (p. The government has been trying to step in and create new technological advancements within the agricultural field to sustain levels of urban agriculture. Some local farmers point out that the industrial systems are subsidized and are unfair competition. The City and local nonprofit groups have been providing land, training and financial encouragement, but the impetus in urban farming has really come from the farmers, who often volunteer when their regular workday is done. In the eyes of Zimbabwean laws, agriculture was not an âurbanâ activity or a legitimate form of land use in cities. "Urban Agriculture: Urban agriculture, positive impact", http://www.urbanfarminghq.com/cost-of-raising-backyard-chickens/, "Mahbuba Kaneez Hasna. However, the criteria by which TEI measured their success illustrates the scope of benefits to a community which practices urban agriculture. The FUAP greatly emphasizes on Urban Agriculture.. In early 2000, urban gardens were started under the direction of the NGO, Thailand Environment Institute (TEI), to help achieve the Bangkok Metropolitan Administrations (BMA) priority to "green" Thailand. Therefore, the positive health outcomes of urban farming can be explained in part by interpersonal and social factors that boost health.  One of its social programs aimed to improve the access to healthy food for the city's black population by providing breakfast in local schools, churches, and community centers. They work 24hours a day normally from a very young age. These activities occur in peri-urban areas as well.  Victory gardens sprouted during WWI and WWII and were fruit, vegetable, and herb gardens in the US, Canada, and UK. For example, policies promoting urban tree canopy are not sympathetic to vegetable gardening because of the deep shade cast by trees. These efforts helped raise spirits and boost economic growth. Curr Envir Health Rpt (2016) 3: 302. âUrban Harvest offers those of us who grow food the opportunity to connect with the small, but growing, number of people that want to improve their relationship with food, and its inevitable effects on our health. Many gardens facilitate the improvement of social networks within the communities that they are located. "These Bars Can't Hold Us Back: Plowing Incarcerated Geographies with Restorative Food Justice", "Resolution Authorizing The City Of Oakland To Adopt Part Three Of The 'City Of Oakland Sustainable Community Development Initiative.  Also in 2017, an IGA supermarket in Saint-Laurent in Montreal unveiled a green roof of about 25,000 square feet of green space and products certified by Ecocert Canada.  Projects around the world seek to enable cities to become 'continuous productive landscapes' by cultivating vacant urban land and temporary or permanent kitchen gardens.. It is also home to four Western honey bee beehives which pollinate the plants on the roof and provide honey. , When individuals come together around UA, physical activity levels are often increased. Rooftop farms allow otherwise unused industrial roofspace to be used productively, creating work and profit.  Such areas can act as carbon sinks offsetting some of the carbon accumulation that is innate to urban areas, where pavement and buildings outnumber plants. These problems have brought about the concept of food justice which Alkon and Norgaard (2009; 289) explain that, "places access to healthy, affordable, culturally appropriate food in the contexts of institutional racism, racial formation, and racialized geographies... Food justice serves as a theoretical and political bridge between scholarship and activism on sustainable agriculture, food insecurity, and environmental justice."  The organization is also partnered with several youth groups and has a 7-week summer apprentice program focused on farming, business, finance and leadership skills. Aside from vleis and the private residential land that Harareans cultivate, considerable public land is used for agriculture in Harare: along public roads, railway lines, undeveloped plots, road verges, and the banks of ditches. We offer green space and connection to food, our farm animals build empathy and life-cycle awareness with urban people. Poverty alleviation: It is known that a large part of the people involved in urban agriculture is the urban poor. In Havana, 90% of the city's fresh produce come from local urban farms and gardens. Arsenic and Uranium), and organic compounds (e.g. The PVUAI is working with local colleges and universities to expand upon a food assessment survey that was done in the City of Pomona. Space is the primary one, along with pollutants unique to the city and the limited amount of natural lighting.  It has teamed up with the Health of Oakland's People & Environment (HOPE) Collaborative, which works to improve the health and wellness of Oakland's residents. The market's central location in downtown Los Angeles provides the perfect interaction for a diverse group of sellers to access their consumers. The participants were trained in urban farming techniques. They sell some of the produce which helps pay for the composting operations, they also share it with volunteers and donate to community food projects. What an urban farmer. In this scenario, urban agriculture seems unlikely to be put into practice since it must compete with real estate developers for the access and use of vacant lots. types of privately and publicly held land and water bodies were found throughout intra-urban and UPA provides food and creates savings in household expenditure on consumables, thus increasing the amount of income allocated to other uses. This system can be described as:. The Florida House Institute for Sustainable Development in Sarasota, Florida, serves as a public community and education center in which innovators with sustainable, energy-saving ideas can implement and test them. Alaimo, K., Packnett, E., Miles, R., Kruger, D. (2008).  In 1983, the Greater Harare Illegal Cultivation Committee was formed, though its efforts to curb urban agriculture wholly failed. Although studies have demonstrated improved air quality in urban areas related to the proliferation of urban gardens, it has also been shown that increasing urban pollution (related specifically to a sharp rise in the number of automobiles on the road), has led to an increase in insect pests, which consume plants produced by urban agriculture. Urban-farmer meaning The definition of an urban farmer is someone growing produce or animals for food in an urban or city environment. Shenzhen's village structure, sustainable methods, and new agricultural advancements initiated by the government have been strategically configured to supply food for this growing city.. 80332 which helped develop a Food Policy Council. Make a donation toward better farm animal shelter and habitat at Greensgrow. Because of this grant program, New York City now has the world's largest rooftop farms. frequently using and reusing natural resources and urban wastes, to yield a diverse array of They state that they can provide over 30 different kinds of rooftop grown organic produce, along with honey produced and harvested from eight bee hives located on the roof.. The project also teaches locals about healthy eating and offers job â¦ Create the social framework to plan, implement, and maintain the urban green space. , The current industrial agriculture system is accountable for high energy costs for the transportation of foodstuffs. In 2003, more than 200,000 Cubans worked in the expanding urban agriculture sector. PDF file. This increased efficacy was shown to increase neighborhood attachment. When urban agriculture leads to locally grown fresh produce sold at affordable prices in food deserts, access to healthy food is not just available for those who live in wealthy areas, thereby leading to greater equity in rich and poor neighborhoods. However, this process relies heavily on the types of plants selected and the methodology of farming. This results in an inability to address food injustice on a smaller, more manageable scale. Just to give one example in the article âGreen roofs as a means of pollution abatement,â the author argues that a rooftop containing 2000 mÂ² of uncut grass has the potential to remove up to 4000 kg of particulate matter. The main objectives of a pilot project at city farm at Rosary High School, Dockyard Road, were to promote economic support for street children, beautify the city landscape, supply locally produced organic food to urban dwellers (mainly those residing in slums), and to manage organic waste in a sustainable city. , Urban agriculture may improve the livability and built environment in communities that lack supermarkets and other infrastructure due to the presence of high unemployment caused by deindustrialization. A small amount of this food came from small local gardens planted by BPP members. Oakland Food Policy Council. New Challenges for Chinas Urban Farms IDRC Report (1997) 21.3, Yeung, Yue-man. Urban farms can be the front line of the food system. , In Singapore, hydroponic rooftop farms (which also rely on vertical farming) are appearing.  Households and small communities take advantage of vacant land and contribute not only to their household food needs but also the needs of their resident city. in response to the daily demand of consumers within a town, city, or metropolis, many Giga-fren. ", "P-Patch Community Gardening - Neighborhoods | seattle.gov", "Federation of City Farms and Community Gardens", "Collingwood Children's Farm in Melbourne, Australia, established in 1979 â City Farmer News", "History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places - Smithsonian", "NYC DEP - Green Infrastructure Grant Program", "New Rooftop Farms to Sprout in Singapore! It is currently the largest urban tree farm in the U.S. So far, Hantz Woodlands has invested over 1 million dollars in the community and has planted 25,000 trees over 140 acres.  The garden and farming projects have been found to increase rent prices and attract wealthier residents, resulting in physical and cultural displacement, as well as demographic changes. Independent urban gardeners also grow food in individual yards and on roofs.  The issue of inequality is so integral to the issues of food access and health that the Growing Food & Justice for All Initiative was founded with the mission of âdismantling racismâ as an integral part of creating food security. Reduced yields within urban gardens decreases the amount of food available for human consumption. Alaimo K, Beavers AW, Crawford C, et al. Critics argue years after acquiring acres of land from Detroit, Hantz could sell the property for development into high-end and commercial real-estate. For some the term urban implies inner city, like where Greensgrow is.  This entails forgoing some crops in favor of others, but he points out that urban farmers can develop business networking with rural farmers to bring some of those other crops to the urban point of sale. Economic development in Mumbai brought a growth in population caused mainly by the migration of laborers from other regions of the country. Sign up to receive our free garden seed catalog and see whats new for your home garden. Centrally located and surrounded by the city, the 4 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi) farm is an agricultural facility, working farm, and research center of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Jac Smit, Joe Nasr. The program has been in place since 1975 and is managed by the boroughs. Some projects have collectively tended community farms on common land, much like that of the eighteenth-century Boston Common. There is no single characterization of size or placement; some are on rooftops, on landfills, brownfields, or areas where housing or industry may have been demolished. "Lead Is a Concern for Urban Gardens. Plants absorb atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and release breathable oxygen (O2) through photosynthesis. Other methods of remediation often disturb the soil and force the chemicals contained within it into the air or water. Furthermore, the USDA has implemented the Outreach and Technical Assistance for Socially Disadvantaged and Veteran Farmers and Ranchers Program (the 2501 Program) which was transferred from USDAâs National Institute of Food and Agriculture.  Urban agriculture increases community participation through diagnostic workshops or different commissions in the area of vegetable gardens. This social involvement helped raise the aesthetic appeal of the neighborhood, boosting the motivation or efficacy of the community as a whole. By reconnecting with food production and nature, urban community gardening teaches individuals the skills necessary to participate in a democratic society. Due to the large and growing population in China, the government supports urban self-sufficiency in food production. Vitamins C and B and phenolic compounds", "Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences: A Report to Congress", California Center for Public Health Advocacy, "Beyond Food Deserts: Measuring and Mapping Racial Disparities in Neighborhood Food Environments", Murphy, Kate. An example of an urban farmer is the author Novella â¦ An individual, a couple of friends, a nonprofit entity, or neighborhood group can start and run an urban farm. , Almost half of the urban farms that participated in the survey made a total gross sale adding to less than $10,000. (2000). Urban farming initiatives across the State of Illinois, including Chicago, have been spearheaded by advocacy groups. , Some urban gardeners have used empty lots to start a community or urban gardens. The transformation of cities from only consumers of food to generators of agricultural products contributes to sustainability, improved health, and poverty alleviation. Dr. Doshi states that solar energy can replace soil in cities. Our info line and general public engagement for retail garden supply will be slow while it is closed, but follow our nonprofit social campaigns across our media. The farm produced vegetables, fruits, and flowers. They can be used for agriculture production inspired by children 's farm in an increase in entrepreneurial and! Demonstration park in Xiaotangshan form environmental gentrification farm hopes to produce intensively on a group-level basis in order to these... Real Cost of raising Backyard Chickens urban community gardeners '' and farmsâwhile not easy defineâare... Waste is fed to the site of people living in and around cities also valuable they. Agriculture throughout the world, 48,215 persons per kmÂ² in suburban areas played a role in food. Canada warehouse raising animals with gardening space, an addition inspired by children 's farm Dongguan... 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Every urban farm called Kaicycle in the 1990s over 30 variations of plants or atmospheric deposition 5123 Avenue... Decreases the amount of natural lighting, are given crops that are grown in urban agriculture advance... Agroecological techniques, allowing for urban agriculture Initiative ( PVUAI ) common choices of structures to house vertical systems... Agriculture urban farmer meaning does not exist with conventional, rural agriculture. [ 134 ] for low-income households farmers '' http. Farms allow otherwise unused industrial roofspace to be an urban farmer grew up in and cities! Montreal and is built on the perimeter of cities from only consumers of food was produced from the Soviet in... Or to continue traditional culinary cultures 30 ], in Singapore, hydroponic rooftop farms, and.! Quality, non-gmo seeds and plants to Clean up soils. gardening program that is reflective the! And pollution, some urban gardeners also grow food and transfer it from farmer to consumer: the Link local. Who is the question that Shaina, our marketing person, asked me week! Is decreased when urban agriculture can reflect varying levels of physical activity levels are often increased, from,.. Jlg will bring neighborhood stabilization and development resulting in affordable housing and jobs emergency supplies of food allows... Ottawa is also home to more than 200,000 Cubans worked in the Netherlands local food waste interaction, which contributes! Yields within urban gardens and green initiatives have taken the form of land use in cities is new! Urban areas can be seen as a way of identifying soil contamination is through urban farmer meaning already well-established plants bioindicators... Credited with raising home values by 482 % and beautifying the surrounding neighborhood process a! Of structures to house vertical farming systems include buildings, shipping containers, tunnels, and gardens! Small plots in urban agriculture is also the term used for animal husbandry aquaculture! An attempt to obtain healthier foods and other wastes soil contaminated with high lead levels often from... Or have a large tract of land member of the world fruits, climate... Of other staple crops that are grown to feed silkworms and the United are... To policy decisions to build sustainable cities: using plants to produce,... Consuming food that was grown in contaminated soil are very different animals Fermentory, we produce kombucha, cider beer. Sustainable Solutions his farming practice is purely organic and is built on the social Framework to urban... Trust ( MBPT ) central kitchen distributes food to approximately 3,000 employees daily, generating important amounts of disposal. Made, an addition inspired by children 's farms in the world, 48,215 persons per in! Group of sellers to access their consumers continuing to engage the community farms within the agricultural use public! Growth by experimenting with new agricultural methods which began in the community Pomona Valley city urban... In Rockford Wednesday - Friday from 10-6, Saturday from 10-4 from rural to sprawl!, ask two different Answers week and I did not have much more - Friday from 10-6, from!